closed, and the few that were published during the occupation were new creations under the total control of the Germans. 52 Persons who spoke Polish in the streets were often insulted and even physically assaulted. 39 All universities and most secondary schools were closed, if not immediately after the invasion, then by mid-1940. Polish clergy and religious leaders figured prominently among portions of the intelligentsia that were targeted for extermination. The worst conditions were found in the Reichsgau Wartheland, which the Nazis treated as a laboratory for their anti-religious policies. 2 77 The Polish Underground State created a Department of Education and Culture (under Stanisaw Lorentz ) which, along with a Department of Labor and Social Welfare (under Jan Stanisaw Jankowski and, later, Stefan Mateja ) and a Department for Elimination of the Effects.
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"All Transaction Estates Lohas Park Phase 2a Le Prestige Sun Flower (Tower 2 R Wing. Poland 's people and cultural heritage. 162163 (in Polish) Kiriczuk, Jurij (2003, April 23). A b "Hopewell Centre". 118 The 10th Underground Tournament of Poetry was held during the Uprising, with prizes being weaponry (most of the Polish poets of the younger generation were also members of the resistance). 73 Underground culture edit Patrons edit Polish culture persisted in underground education, publications, even theater. A b Gerometta, Marshall; Kazmierczak, Paul; Lacey, Matthew; Oldfield, Philip; Wood, Antony (2009). "All Transaction Estates Lohas Park Phase 2b Le Prime Tower 7 L Wing". 65 The Soviets quickly Sovietized the annexed lands, introducing compulsory collectivization. A b "Le Point Tower 6-7". 160161 Salmonowicz 1994,. . The only Polish-language newspaper published in occupied Poland was also closed, and the arrests of Polish intellectuals began.